There is no solid consensus on what causes sex addiction in men and women, but evidence suggests brain chemistry and family environment may have something to do with it. Sex addiction is believed to have much in common with other types of addictions such as drugs and alcohol. Even some of the treatment methods are the same.
Like alcoholism, sex addiction can affect nearly anyone literotica. The human brain releases feel-good chemicals like Dopamine, in response to certain behaviors and actions, usually ones that will lead to survival and procreation.
People tend to like sugary, fatty foods because their ancestors had a taste for things high in calories that kept them going in the days before supermarkets. Those whose brains rewarded them for eating those foods lived more to pass on their tastes to their offspring, and so on. The same principal applies to sex and sex addiction. Those who enjoyed it more, did it more often and thus passed on their behaviors to their descendants.
Of course not everyone eats candy to the point of diabetes or engages in sex to the point of addiction. These chemical reward mechanisms are present in all healthy individuals and are not bad things when operating correctly. However, in a person suffering from this affliction, the brain is seeking the release of those reward chemicals to the detriment of the person’s welfare.
An essay published online by the University of Colorado Institute for Behavioral Genetics likens substance abuse to a virus. Where a virus invades a body and reprograms cells to produce more viruses, an addiction makes use of existing systems within the brain to perpetuate itself, in this case the neural pathways that link the act of sex to the brain’s sense of reward. The Colorado essay focuses on chemical addictions; however, sex addiction is a process addiction, much like gambling addiction, where an activity is causing chemical reactions in the brain, not an outside substance.
While in the end everything may be boiled down to brain chemistry, factors other than genetics can push a person towards addiction.
According to Psychcentral.com, one study showed 82 percent of sex addicts reported suffering sexual abuse when they were young. Many reported having distant relationships with family members or were raised in a strict manner, while 80 percent reported there being some type of addiction suffered by a family member.
When a sex addict engages in sexual behavior seeking the reward chemicals from the brain, it is often to push out some other sensation, ranging such as guilt, anger, sadness, or pain. The sex becomes a form of anesthesia or a coping mechanism, one that perpetuates itself as the result of some sexual behaviors, which can then lead to more negative feelings. A sex addict driven to commit infidelity, even if he does not get caught, will feel guilt over the act, leaving him with a feeling worse than the one he was trying to escape from. This creates a sex addiction cycle which gets worse over time.
A person’s views on sex can also reinforce the reward mechanism, adding to the physical pleasure caused by the act itself. Some cultures, or parts of them, view having sex often and with multiple partners as an achievement or a sign of status. This mostly goes for males, while the reverse is true for women. Quite a few movies aimed at adolescent audiences and featuring adolescent characters, reflect a culture where having sex is a major goal in life, one in which great pains should be taken in order to achieve it. The American Pie franchise comes to mind, and while most often played for laughs, in the absence of other forces such as parental guidance or strong sex education, young males can take these stories as being instructive ones rather than laugh fodder. The message from these movies and other forms of media is that sex is good in all circumstances. This is, of course, not the case, and such logic equates to sex addiction.
According to an online essay published by the University of Carolina, sex has been used to sell products (addictive ones, no less) since 1900. Outright nude women, sexually suggestive model poses, and innuendo have all been used and with greater and greater frequency. This means people are constantly being exposed to sexual suggestions; those parts of the brain are consistently under fire, nudging people with a predisposition towards sex addiction in that direction and leaving those with the problem little reprieve.
It’s almost too difficult to count the number of sources either asking the question, making the suggestion, or directly showing the link between access to online pornography and sex addiction. Before the Internet, pornography had to be bought at a store or through the mail. While neither of these things are obstacles, if a person felt they had to hide the pornography from a spouse or family member, procuring it became a challenge. With the Internet, pornography can be be found in private and concealed much more easily, enabling sex addiction.